1) Cancer Spit Test
It is a device designed by researchers at the University of California Los Angeles which detects oral cancer from a single drop of saliva. Proteins that are been associated with the cancer cells react with dyes on the sensor, and thereby emitting fluorescent light that can be detected with the help of a microscope. Engineer Chih Ming Ho noted that this principle could be applied to make saliva based diagnostic tests for many diseases.
2) Prosthetic Feedback
There are actually very difficult to monitor. Skin becomes sensitive when it is been stretched ,it can detect even very small changes in its direction and intensity, so Bark is developing a device that stretches an amputee’s skin near the prosthesis in as many ways that provide feedback about the limb’s position and its movements.
3) Smart Contact Lens
Glaucoma which is also the second-leading cause of blindness develops when the pressure builds up inside the eye and eventually damages retinal cells. Contact lenses which are developed at the University of California Davis contain conductive wires that continuously monitor pressure and fluid flow within the eyes of at-risk people. Then the lenses transfers information to a small device worn by the patient; the device wirelessly transmits it to a computer. The continuous data flow will help the doctors to understand the causes of the disease.
4) Speech Restorer
This device is for the people who have lost their ability to talk, a new “phonetic speech engine” provides an audible voice. It is developed in conjunction with Texas Instruments, the Audio uses electrodes to check the neuronal signals traveling from the brain to the vocal cords. During this the Patients imagine slowly sounding out words; then the device wirelessly transmits those impulses to a computer which produces speech.
5) Absorbable Heart Stent
The stents open arteries which have become narrowed or blocked is because of coronary artery disease. This can be medicated by using drug-eluting stents which keeps the artery from narrowing again. The bio-absorbable version is unlike metal stents it does its job and then disappears. After six months, stent begins to dissolve and after two years it’s completely gone, leaving behind a healthy artery.
6) Muscle Stimulator
The usual time it takes for broken bones to heal during this the nearby muscles often atrophy from lack of use. The StimuHeal company solves the problem with the MyoSpare, a battery-operated device which uses electrical stimulators that is actually small enough to be worn underneath casts to exercise muscles and keeping them strong during recovery.
7) Nerve Regenerator
Nerve fibers can’t grow along injured spinal cords since scar tissue gets in their way. A nanogel is been developed which eliminates that impediment. The nanogel is been injected as a liquid which self-assembles into a scaffold of nanofibers. Peptides from the fibers instruct stem cells would normally form scar tissue to produce cells that encourage nerve development. Meanwhile, scaffold supports the growth of new axons up and down the spinal cord.
8) Smart Pill
Proteus Biomedical has engineered sensors that track medication by recording the exact time drugs are ingested. Grain sized microchips emit high frequency electrical currents that are logged by Band Aid like receivers on the skin. The receivers monitor heart rate, respiration and finally wirelessly transmit the data to a computer.
9) Autonomous Wheelchair
An autonomous wheelchair was developed by the MIT researchers that can take people where they ask to go. The chair learns about the environment by listening such as a patient identifies the locations like for example “this is my room” or “we’re in the kitchen” and builds maps using Wi-Fi, which works well indoors. The current model which is now being tested may be equipped with cameras, laser rangefinders and a collision- avoidance system in the upcoming future ahead.
10) Portable Dialysis
Millions of adult in America suffer from diseases of the kidneys, which impair the ability of the organs to remove toxins from the blood. Standard dialysis procedure involves three long sessions at a hospital per week. But an artificial kidney developed by Xcorporeal can clean blood around the clock. The machine is an automated, battery-operated, waterproof , less weight and portable.