About Human Genome project

Begun officially in 1990, the U.S. Human Genome development was a 13-year attempt synchronized by the U.S. Department of Energy and the National institute of Health. The development initially was planned to last 15 years, but rapid technical advances accelerate the completion date to 2003. Project goals were to

  • Identify all the approximately 20,000-25,000 genes in human DNA,
  • Determine the sequences of the 3 billion chemical base pairs that make up human DNA,
  • Store this information in databases,
  • Improve tools for data analysis,
  • Transfer related technologies to the private sector, and
  • Address the ethical, legal, and social issues (ELSI) that may arise from the project.

To help achieve these goals, researchers also deliberate the hereditary makeup of quite a few nonhuman organisms. These comprise the ordinary human gut bacterium Escherichia coli, the fruit fly, and the laboratory mouse.

An exceptional feature of the U.S. Human Genome Project is so as to it was the first big scientific responsibility to speak to potential ELSI implication arise from project data.Another significant characteristic of the scheme was the federal government's long-standing devotion to the move of technology to the private sector. By license technology to private companies and awarding grant for innovative research, the projects catalyzed the multibillion-dollar U.S. biotechnology manufacturing and foster the growth of new medical applications.