Branches Of Biotechnology

Biotechnology has more than a few different branches which are referred to by dissimilar terms mainly noticeable with dissimilar colors to clarify the biotechnological field that it is used in. The majority extensively used ones will be introduced here. First of all there is the red biotechnology that is used for medical processes, like finding genetic cures by going through genomic manipulations and creating organisms to produce antibiotics.

Green biotechnology is used in orientation to agricultural process that use biotechnology.. Some examples of that would be the development of transgenic plants that are calculated to survive under precise environmental circumstances. A large goal of the green biotechnology is to expand more environment friendly solutions, for example to find a way take out the need for pesticides.

Green biotechnology which is more usually known as Plant Biotechnology is a rapidly increasing field within Modern biotechnology. It essentially involves the opening of foreign genes into inexpensively important plant species, resulting in crop improvement and the production of novel products in plants.

The term used for manufacturing biotechnology is white biotechnology. This type of biotechnology is used to decrease the costs for producing industrial supplies that occur when traditional processes are used. For example, white biotechnology can expand an organism that is capable to produce a certain useful chemical by natural processes quite than by industrial ways that it was done earlier.

The industrial biotechnology society usually accepts an informal divide between manufacturing and pharmaceutical biotechnology. An example would be that of company rising fungus to produce antibiotics, e.g. penicillin from the penicillium fungi.

Some additional examples of branches of biotechnology are blue biotechnologies that deal with marine and a marine usage of biotechnology, but that is not very extensively used. When discussing about not the straight research part of biotechnology then bioeconomy is used to talk about the savings and the economical benefits that biotechnology brings.

Biotechnology with marine organisms, feed into aquaculture, marine animal and fish health, marine natural goods (including medicines), biofilms, bioremediation, marine ecology and bio-oceanography and other marine products (e.g. enzymes)

Branches of Biotechnology

There are several branches of Biotechnology. They are classified as:

A) Blue Biotechnology:

This branch of biotechnology helps to control the marine organisms and water borne organisms. It is a process which has to do with marine or underwater environment. The use of this biotechnology is very rare. Blue biotechnology is used to protect the marine organisms from harmful diseases underwater.

B) Bioinformatics:

Bioinformatics is the combination of computer and biotechnology. It helps in finding the analysis of datas related to Biotechnology. It is used for various purposes like drugs, for the development of medicines; it is also used to improve the fertility of crops and plants and also for pest, drought and it is resistance to diseases. Bioinformatics is known and referred by the term “computational biology”. It plays an important and a vital role in areas like Functional genomics, structural genomics and proteomics these areas contribute a lot and become a key contributor to Biotechnology and pharma sector.

C) Green Biotechnology:

Green Biotechnology is the term used for the agricultural sector. With the help of the process called the Micropropagation (a practice of producing larger number of plants through the existing stock of plants) which helps in selecting the right quality of plants and crops. Also with the help of Transgenic plants (plants whose DNA is modified); this design of transgenic plants helps to grow in a specified environment with the help of certain chemicals.

D) Red Biotechnology:

Red biotechnology is referred to as Medical Biotechnology. It is used for the production of drugs and antibiotic medicines. It also helps to create or design organisms. Through the process of genetic manipulation it helps to cure genetic issues in organisms. It also helps in analysing diseases in organisms. It also helps in developing new ways of diagnosis by performing tests. With the help of stem cell therapy it helps the organs to grow and it also cures the damaged issues in organisms.

E) White Biotechnology:

White Biotechnology is also called and known by the name Industry Biotechnology. This kind of biotechnology is used and applied in industries and its processes. The various uses of this Biotechnology includes; biopolymers (Plastics) Substitutes, new invention of vehicle parts and fuels for the vehicles, invention of fibres for the clothing industry, it is also involved in developing new chemicals and the production process.

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